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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Examples
Verbs

 
 

Sentences showing verbs agreeing with subject

I make breakfast at 7:30 every morning.

verb = make

You eat breakfast at 7:45 every morning.

verb = eat

He eats breakfast at 8:00 every morning.

verb = eats

Jane eats breakfast at 7:15 every morning.

verb = eats

The dog eats breakfast at 6:00 every day.

verb = eats

We meet for dinner at 5:00 every Friday.

verb = meet

You have dinner at 6:30 on Sunday. verb = have
They have lunch together on Wednesday. verb = have

Different forms of verbs

Name: Simple form

Example

Use

Example Sentence

eat

1) Future

1) I will eat soon.

2) Questions

2) Do you eat meat?

3) Conditional sentences

3) If I am hungry, I will eat.


Name: Auxiliary verb

Example

Use

Example Sentence

do
have
be
modals

1) Questions

1) Do you like ice cream?

2) Negative

2) I am not hungry.

3) Tenses

3) I was eating. I have eaten. I am eating.

4) Comes before the main verb

4) Manny is working on the computer.


Name: Modal verb

Example

Use

Example Sentence

can
will
must
should
may
might

1) Show ability

1) I can play the piano.

2) Show permission

2) You may have a candy.

3) Show possibility

3) It might rain.

4) Show necessity

4) We must go to work.

5) Give advice 5) You should not smoke.

Name: Infinitive

Example

Use

Example Sentence

to see

1) Object of certain verbs

1) I want to see the movie.

2) Reported speech

2) He told me to talk to you.

3) Purpose

3) We go to the store to buy food.

4) With "too" and "enough"

4) He is too angry to speak.


Name: Gerund

Example

Use

Example Sentence

travelling

1) Object of certain verbs

1) Kathleen enjoys travelling.

2) Subject of sentence

2) Exercising is good for your health.

3) Object of prepositions

3) Joyce is excited about travelling.


Name: Present participle

Example

Use

Example Sentence

talking

1) Present / past continuous

1) Stefan is talking to me.

2) Adjectives

2) This is an interesting movie.


Name: Past participle

Example

Use

Example Sentence

painted

1) Present perfect

1) I have painted my house.

2) Past perfect

2) I had finished dinner when my daughter came home.

3) Passive

3) The meal was cooked by Teresa.

4) Adjectives

4) Jonathan feels bored.


Name: Transitive

Example

Use

Example Sentence

buy

1) Must have an object

1) Charlotte buys food at the market.


Name: Intransitive

Example

Use

Example Sentence

walk

1) Does not need an object

1) Sonja walks to work.


Name: Stative

Example

Use

Example Sentence

be
feel

1) No action

1) Tami feels tired today.


Name: Active

Example

Use

Example Sentence

play

1) Action

1) Steve plays soccer on the weekend.