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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE
Gerunds

 
 

Definition

A gerund is the -ing form of a verb. It is used as a noun in a sentence.

Example

To camp is a verb.

Camping

is fun.

gerund

 

Explanation

A gerund --

  • is used in the same way a noun is used. For example, it can be used as
    • the subject of a verb
    • the object of a verb
    • the object of a preposition
  • is used after certain verbs -- for example: finish, enjoy, suggest, quit, avoid, consider, and keep.
  • is used after the verb "go" to express recreational activities. For example: go hiking, go camping, go swimming.
  • is used after certain expressions. For example:
    • expressions of time: spend time shopping, waste time sleeping
    • expressions of place: sit on the couch watching TV
  • is used with verbs of perception. For example: "I hear skiing is an exciting sport. Do you see Jim golfing? I feel watching television is a waste of time."
  • can express the negative when "not" is placed before it.
  • can be used in the past and passive forms.
  • can be used with a possessive.

Related Sections

Gerunds & Infinitives
Infinitives
Participles