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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE
Simple Sentences

 
 

Definition

A simple sentence is a basic sentence with a subject (S) and a verb (V). It can also have an object (O).

Example

Amanda

eats.

 

 

S

V

 

 

Amanda

eats

dinner.

 

S

V

O

 

Amanda

eats

dinner

at 5:00.

S

V

O

 

Explanation

A simple sentence --

  • is a group of words expressing one thought.
  • begins with a capital letter and ends with a period (.).
  • may be short or long.
  • must have a subject and a verb.
  • has subject and verb agreement: "I am"; "he is"; "you are".
  • puts the subject before the verb.
  • is complete with only a subject and a verb if it has an intransitive verb. For example: "Animals breathe." An object is not necessary.
  • is incomplete with only a subject and a verb if it has a transitive verb. For example: "Animals need food." An object is necessary.
  • can have more than one noun as the subject.
  • uses adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions to give more information about the action.

Related Sections

Direct & Indirect Objects
Parts of Speech
Prepositions
Questions
Transitive & Intransitive Verbs