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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE
Conditional Sentences

 
 

Definition

Conditional sentences show a cause-and-result relationship between actions. The first action causes the second action. If I feel sick, I go to the doctor.

Example

   
If it rains tomorrow, I will not go to the beach.

Explanation

Conditional sentences --

  • have two parts: a cause and a result. The cause and the result both have a subject and a verb. They are separated by a comma (,).
  • express possibility.
  • express situations which are always true in the present (zero conditional).
  • express situations which may be true in the future (first conditional).

There are patterns for expressing the types of conditional sentences.

Zero Conditional

If + subject + present tense verb, subject + present tense verb

If

I

am hungry,

I

eat.

First Conditional

If + subject + present tense verb, subject + will + verb

If

it

rains,

I

will

use an umbrella.

Related Sections

Future Simple
Punctuation