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Grammar and StructureGRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Examples
Present Perfect

 
 

Examples sentences using present perfect:

Present perfect showing an action that happened at an unknown time in the past

Explanation

I
You
We
They

have studied English.

Positive present perfect sentence

  • Do not know when the action (studied English) happened

He
She
(It)

has studied English.

Positive present perfect sentence

  • Do not know when the action (studied English) happened

I
You
We
They

have not studied English.

Negative present perfect sentence

  • Action did not happen in the past

He
She
(It)

has not studied English.

Negative present perfect sentence

  • Action never happened in the past

Have

I
you
we
they

studied English.

Present perfect yes / no question

  • Did the action happen sometime in the past?

Has

he
she
(it)

studied English?

Present perfect yes / no question

  • Did the action happen sometime in the past?

What have

I
you
we
they

studied?

Present perfect information question

  • Asking for information about something that happened sometime in the past (not specific)

What has

he
she
(it)
studied?

Present perfect information question

  • Asking for information about something that happened sometime in the past (not specific)

Present perfect showing an action which happened recently and is connected to the present

Description

I
You
We
They

have won the lottery.

Positive present perfect sentence

  • You won the lottery recently and you still have the money now.

He
She
(It)

has won the lottery.

Positive present perfect sentence

  • You won the lottery recently and you still have the money now.

I
You
We
They

have not won the lottery.

Negative present perfect sentence

  • The lottery happened in the recent past and the people did not win.

He
She
(It)

has not won the lottery.

Negative present perfect sentence

  • The lottery happened in the recent past and the people did not win.

Have

I
you
we
they

won the lottery?

Present perfect yes / no question

  • The lottery happened recently and the people are excited.

Has

he
she

won the lottery?

Present perfect yes / no question

  • The lottery happened recently and the people are excited.

What have

I
you
we
they

won?

Present perfect information question

  • A person is excited now because they recently won something.

What has

he
she
(it)
won?

Present perfect information question

  • A person is excited now because they recently won something.

Present perfect showing an action which started in the past and continues in the present

Explanation

I
You
We
They

have been here for ten days.

Positive present perfect sentence

  • A person came here ten days ago, is here now, and will be here in the future.

He
She
It

has been here for ten days.

Positive present perfect sentence

  • A person came here ten days ago, is here now, and will be here in the future.

I
You
We
They

have not been here for ten days.

Negative present perfect sentence

  • A person left ten days ago, is not here now, and might be here in the future.

He
She
It

has not been here for ten days.

Negative present perfect sentence

  • A person left ten days ago, is not here now, and might be here in the future.

Have

I
you
we
they

been here for ten days?

Present perfect yes / no question

  • Asking for the period of time since the person arrived in the past.

Has

he
she
it

been here for ten days?

Present perfect yes / no question

  • Asking for the period of time since the person arrived in the past.

Where have

I
you
we
they

been for ten days?

Present perfect information question

  • The person left ten days ago. The question asks where the person went.

Where has

he
she
it
been for ten days?

Present perfect information question

  • The person left ten days ago. The question asks where the person went.


Example sentences using "for" and "since" to show time in present perfect sentences.

I have worked here for five years.

for + period of time

You have worked here for two months.

for + period of time

George has worked here since January 30, 2001.

since + specific time in the past

Sonia has worked here since 1998.

since + specific time in the past

They have worked here since last year.

since + specific time in the past