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Grammar and StructureGRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Examples
Passives

 
 

Examples of sentences containing passives:

Example

Explanation

Passive: The cake was baked by John.

Active: John baked the cake

"be" auxiliary = was

past participle = baked

 

The cake was baked by John.

Use "by _____" to indicate the doer of the action.
This sentence says that John baked the cake.

    List of verb tenses that use passive:
     
The course is taught by a qualified professor.   simple present
The course is being offered to international students.   present continuous
The course was created by the English Language Centre.   simple past
The students were being instructed over the phone and by regular mail before the course went online last summer.   past continuous
The student's application has been accepted by the university.   present perfect
The online system had been tested prior to being used for the course.   past perfect
The course will be offered to students this summer.   "will" future
The course is going to be offered to students next year.   "going to" future

The course may be offered to students in Europe next year.

Modal + passive: may be offered

Passive sentence: It is believed that the course is very useful for students.

Active sentence: Everyone believes that the course is very useful for students.

Clause as subject of passive sentence:

It + passive form: It is believed.

In the passive sentence, "It" = "the course is very useful for students".