Skip over navigation

ARCHIVED SAMPLE - course no longer available

   
 

Grammar and StructureGRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Examples
Parallelism

 
 

Examples of sentences with parallelism problems and how to fix them:

Non-parallel Sentence

Problem

Parallel Sentence

Solution

My new job gives me security, flexibility, and it'll be exciting.

noun + noun + clause

My new job gives me security, flexibility, and excitement.

noun + noun + noun

Maxine likes to sing, acting, and to dance.

infinitive + gerund + infinitive

Maxine likes to sing, act, and dance.

infinitive + infinitive + infinitive

* It is not necessary to repeat the "to" for each infinitive form in a series of infinitives. The first form uses "to", but the others do not.

Jane walked through the kitchen door, past the dining table, and she went into the living room.

prepositional phrase + prepositional phrase + clause

Jane walked through the kitchen door, past the dining table, and into the living room.

prepositional phrase + prepositional phrase + prepositional phrase

Byron explained how the video camera works, and how to use the tape recorder and the camera.

clause + Infinitive

Byron explained how the video camera, the tape recorder, and the camera work.

OR

Byron explained how to use the video camera, the tape recorder, and the camera.

noun + noun + noun

The city is both beautiful and it's safe.

adjective + clause

The city is both beautiful and safe.

adjective + adjective

On the weekend we can play golf or the music festival.

verb phrase + noun phrase

On the weekend we can play golf or go to the music festival.

verb phrase + verb phrase

Tom and his family moved to the big city because he could get a better job(1), a university for his daughter, and his wife had a business that she couldn't expand in their small town(2).

clause + noun phrase + clause

*The two clauses are structured differently:

(1) short and positive

(2) long and negative

Tom and his family moved to the big city because he could get a better job, his daughter could go to the university, and his wife could expand her business.

clause + clause + clause

*Now the clauses all have the same structure.