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ExercisesUNIT 1 — Lesson 2 — Exercise 2 of 2
Introductory or Supporting Paragraphs

 
 

Read the following paragraphs. Are they introductory or supporting paragraphs?

 
 

1.

Coffee, or rather the caffeine in it, satisfies a physical need in many people. North Americans seem to live by the philosophy of "work hard and play harder", which leaves little time for sleep. They depend on coffee to get them started in the morning and keep them going during the day. A glance around any college or university campus will illustrate this point. Even before the Starbucks invasion, students could be seen scurrying off to morning classes with a mug of their favourite brew in hand. Many of them would have been up half the night studying or partying, and they needed their coffee to stay awake in class. The students aren't the only ones operating on caffeine. Waiting in line with them at the coffee bar are many of their instructors. We are a society that likes to burn its candle at both ends, and we need the stimulation of caffeine to keep going.

   

introductory paragraph
supporting paragraph

 

   

 

   

2.

Making an ice rink certainly doesn't happen in every neighbourhood in North America, but in many communities with sub-zero winter temperatures, ice rinks are something to look forward to. These days, ice rinks can be quite sophisticated, with thick plastic liners that can be bought and laid down on the ground and flooded with water. In my day, however, ice rinks were much simpler. Making an ice rink does not have to be a complicated procedure if you remember three important things: make a good base, flood at the right time, and check for problems daily.

 

 

introductory paragraph
supporting paragraph

     

 

   

3.

Moving along to the next example of the species, let us look at the Decorator. Now, this is a creative character. Decorators are frequently seized by sudden, overwhelming desires to improve their surroundings. This is an admirable quality. Unfortunately, these overwhelming desires usually do not hit before 11 p.m. Long after the sun has set, and most of the building's tenants are in their beds, attempting to sleep, the Decorator will get out the vacuum cleaner. This is especially effective on hardwood floors, creating a lovely echoing effect in the apartment below. Decorators also enjoy rearranging their furniture at least once a week, also late at night. And, by the sound of the thunderous crashing and banging that often occurs, sometimes the furniture fights back.

   

introductory paragraph
supporting paragraph

 

   

 

   

4.

I have absolutely no luck with apartments. No, that's not exactly true. The apartment in which I live is lovely, and I like it a lot. The problem rests with the apartment building itself. OK, let's narrow that down further. I have no complaint with the actual combination of concrete, bricks and mortar that makes up the apartment building. If I am completely honest, I must say that I have no luck with neighbours.

   

introductory paragraph
supporting paragraph

 

   

 

   

5.

Who would willingly plunge into water that never gets warmer than ten degrees Celsius? Surprisingly, many British Columbian scuba divers jump at this opportunity twelve months a year. This may surprise many divers who only consider the sport in the context of the white sand beaches, cloudless skies, and tepid azure waters of the Caribbean or Southeast Asia; when one thinks "diving", one naturally thinks "tropics". Thus, British Columbia may well be the last place one would associate with this exciting water sport. Although serious scuba divers might assume that the cold, dark, West Coast waters would not have much to offer them, they should consider Vancouver Island as a diving destination because it offers peace of mind, a wide variety of dive sites, and a plethora of animal life.

 

 

introductory paragraph
supporting paragraph