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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE
Present Perfect

 
 

Definition

The present perfect is a verb tense. It describes actions connected to the past and present.

Example

   
My parents have gone to Sweden.

Explanation

The present perfect --

  • describes actions which started in the past and continue in the present.
  • describes actions which happened at an unknown time in the past.
  • describes actions which happened recently.
  • uses a form of the verb "to have" + past participle.
  • uses "not" between "have" and the past participle for negative present perfect sentences.
  • uses "have" as the auxiliary in questions.
  • uses "for" and "since" to express length of time for actions which started in the past and continue in the present.

Related Sections

Irregular Verbs
Participles
Past Simple
Present Perfect Continuous
Questions
Verb "to have"