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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE
Comparatives

 
 

Definition

Comparatives are adjectives that compare two nouns (people, places, or things).

Example

Jill is 175 centimetres tall.

Jack is 150 centimetres tall.

Jill is taller than Jack.

Explanation

Comparatives --

  • add "er" to adjectives that have one syllable. For example: Sue is short, but Monique is shorter.
  • use a double consonant if the adjective ends in "consonant + vowel+ consonant." For example: Bill is fat, but Ben is fatter.
  • change "y" to "i" for adjectives ending in "y" and then add "er." For example: Dan is happy, but Sherri is happier.
  • use "more" before adjectives with more than one syllable. For example: Graham is handsome, but Joseph is more handsome.
  • use as + adjective + as + noun when two nouns are equal. For example: Heather is as kind as Danielle.
  • have irregular forms. For example: the comparative of good is better.

Related Sections

-ed Spelling Rules
Superlatives
Syllables & Stress