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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Examples
Participles

 
 

Examples of the functions of participles in sentences:

 
 
Participle as part of the progressive verb form
I am going to school.
I was going to school.
I will be going to school.

present progressive
past progressive
future progressive

Participle as adjective

The smiling girl is pretty.
The radio is broken.
Adjective before a noun.
Adjective after the verb "to be".
Participle as an adjective that describes feelings
Tom looks bored.
Tom is watching a boring movie.
Bored: describes how Tom feels
Boring: describes the movie that causes Tom's boredom.
Common participles used as adjectives How participles work as adjectives
amusing/amused
amazing/amazed
boring/bored
exciting/excited
disgusting/disgusted
embarrassing/embarrassed
confusing/confused
fascinating/fascinated
shocking/shocked
depressing/depressed
annoying/annoyed
exhausting/exhausted
frightening/frightened
horrifying/horrified
terrifying/terrified
satisfying/satisfied
discouraging/discouraged

Example:
Verb: to bore
Meaning: to make someone feel bored
Participles: bored / boring
Bored: a person is bored, feels bored
Boring: causes someone to feel bored

Usually a person is "-ed" by something that is "-ing":
I was bored by that boring movie.
NOT: I was boring by that bored movie.

Participle as adverb
The child ran laughing and singing around the house.
Participle used in an adjective phrase
The car parked in the driveway is red.
Participle used in an adverb phrase
Waiting for the bus, I saw my neighbour drive by.
Participle as gerund, acting as a noun.
Seeing is believing.