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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE
Adverb Phrases

 
 

An adverb phrase does the same job as an adverb clause. It modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb in the independent clause. The adverb phrase does not have a subject and verb. It is a "reduced" adverb clause.

 

 
 
Sentence While I was waiting for the bus, I saw my neighbour drive by.
Independent clause I saw my neighbour drive by
Adverb clause While I was waiting for the bus
Adverb phrase
(no subject or verb)
While waiting for the bus
Sentence with adverb phrase While waiting for the bus, I saw my neighbour drive by.
 
 

 

An adverb phrase is a reduced adverb clause. Adverb clauses can be reduced in ONLY one situation. Reduce an adverb clause only when the subject of the adverb clause is the same as the subject of the independent clause.

An adverb phrase:

  • has the same meaning as the adverb clause.

  • has no subject.

  • does not have a complete verb.

An adverb phrase follows two general rules:

  1. When the adverb clause has a "be" verb form, omit the subject and the "be" verb form.

  2. When the adverb clause does not have a "be" verb form, omit the subject and change the verb to its participle (-ing) form.

Related sections
Adverb Clauses
Participles