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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE
Adjectives

 
 

An adjective describes a noun.

Tom is a
tall
man.
 
adjective
 
The
tall
man is Tom.
 
adjective
 
 
 

 

An adjective can be a participle. Example: interesting, interested, boring, bored.

An adjective can be followed by certain types of phrases or expressions for example:

  • adjective + preposition + noun:
    interested in sports

  • adjective + infinitive:
    glad to help

  • adjective + clause:
    annoyed that you were late for the meeting

    Note: These phrases and expressions that follow the adjective are called complements. Some adjectives can take a variety of complements.

An adjective can be placed in two different positions in a sentence:

  • before a noun

  • after certain verbs: be, look, smell, feel, taste, sound, get, become

An adjective:

  • usually comes after a number:
    three old cars

  • must follow rules for word order: opinion + size + age + colour + origin + material + purpose + noun

  • in a list of adjectives is usually separated by commas.

Related sections
Adverbs
Adjective Clauses
Participles