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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Examples
Adjectives

 
 

Examples of common adjectives and their use:
 

 
 
That boring movie made me go to sleep.
Tom looks bored.
Many adjectives are formed by adding -ing or -ed to a verb. These adjectives are participles.

Common participles used as adjectives:

amusing / amused
amazing / amazed
boring / bored
exciting / excited
disgusting / disgusted
embarrassing / embarrassed
confusing / confused
fascinating / fascinated
shocking / shocked
depressing / depressed
annoying / annoyed
exhausting / exhausted
frightening / frightened
horrifying / horrified
terrifying / terrified
satisfying / satisfied
discouraging / discouraged

How participles work as adjectives:

Example: Verb: to bore
Meaning: to make someone feel bored
Participles: bored / boring
Bored: a person is bored, feels bored
Boring: a person causes others to feel bored *

Usually a person is "-ed" by something that is "-ing".

I was bored by that boring movie.

Not: I was boring by that bored movie.

Tom is a tall man. Adjectives can be placed before a noun.
Tom is tall.
The house looks old.
The food smells good.

*The child is asleep.
*The man is afraid.
NOT: the asleep child / the afraid man
Adjectives can be placed after certain verbs, such as: be, look, smell, feel, taste, sound, get, become.

*Some adjectives can only go after the verb.
For example:
a) adjectives that begin with "a", for example, asleep, awake, afraid, alive b) ill, well*

*"Well" is also an adverb. The adjective "well" means "healthy".
The pretty, little red doll is mine.
Opinion + size + colour + noun
I want to buy that friendly, old, brown, Siamese cat.
Opinion + age + colour + origin + noun
I threw away my ugly, large, flowered, cotton hat.
Opinion + size + colour + material + noun
I work in that large, modern, industrial building.
Size + age + purpose + noun
Adjective word order: Opinion + size + age + colour + origin + material + purpose + noun
Tom is wise and old.

That wise old man is Tom.
Use "and" before the last adjective when more than one adjective comes after a verb.

Do not use "and" before the last adjective when more than one adjective comes before a noun.
I work in that large, modern, industrial building.

That wise old man is Tom.
Use commas to separate long lists of adjectives.

Do not use a comma between an adjective and the noun it describes.

It is not necessary to use commas with short common adjectives.