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GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE — Exercises
Conditionals

 
 

Answer the following questions to check your knowledge of conditional sentences.

 
 
1. Which sentence is a conditional?
  Let's go swimming when Mike comes home.
  Let's go swimming if Mike comes home soon.
     
2. Which sentence is a conditional?
  I won't pass the test unless I study hard.
  I have to study hard so that I will be able to pass the test.
     
3. Which sentence is a conditional?
  I will cook dinner for you if you clean the house.
  After you clean the house, I will cook you dinner.
     

In the following questions, choose the best meaning for the conditional sentence given.

Example

   

If I had $25,000, I would buy a new car.
Meaning:
I don't have $25,000. I will not buy a new car.
In the past I didn't have $25,000. I did not buy a car.
I don't have $25,000, but maybe I will buy a car.

 

4. If I were the Prime Minister of Canada, I would change the immigration laws.
  Meaning:
  The Prime Minister of Canada is going to change the immigration laws.
  I am not the Prime Minister of Canada. I am not going to change the immigration laws.
  The immigration laws need to be changed by the Prime Minister of Canada.
     
5. If Tom can get a holiday next month, he will go to Disneyland.
  Meaning:
  Tom is taking a holiday to Disneyland next month.
  Tom may be able to take a holiday next month. He wants to go to Disneyland. Maybe he will go.
  Tom is not taking a holiday next month. He will not go to Disneyland.
     
6. If the student did his homework last night, then he will pass the test questions this morning.
  Meaning:
  The student did his homework. The student passes the test questions this morning.
  The student did not do his homework last night. He will not pass the test questions this morning.
  We do not know that the student did his homework last night. Maybe yes, maybe no. Therefore maybe he will pass, or maybe he will not pass.
     
7. If you are travelling internationally, you need a passport.
  You must have a passport in order to travel internationally.
  Maybe you are going to travel internationally. Maybe you will get a passport.
  You are not travelling internationally. You do not need a passport.
     

In the following questions, you are given a situation. Choose the best conditional sentence for the situation given.

Example

   

Situation: I had a test. I did not study. I did not pass the test.
If I had passed the test, I would have studied.
If I had not studied, I wouldn't have passed the test.
If I had studied, I would have passed the test.

     
8. Situation: Mary is a travel agent. She travels all over the world because she is a travel agent.
  If Mary weren't a travel agent, then she wouldn't be able to travel all over the world.
  If Mary were a travel agent, then she would be able to travel all over the world.
  If Mary travels all over the world, then she must be a travel agent.
     
9. Situation: When people do not understand the meaning of a word, they should look it up in the dictionary.
  If you didn't understand the meaning of a word, you should have looked it up in the dictionary.
  If you don't understand the meaning of a word, you should look it up in the dictionary.
  If you understood the meaning of a word, you should look it up in the dictionary.
     
10. Situation: I often take the bus home. The bus trip takes thirty minutes.
  If I take the bus, I can get home in thirty minutes.
  If I took the bus, I would get home in thirty minutes.
  If I didn't take the bus, I wouldn't get home in thirty minutes.