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WRITING TIPS
Unity

 
 

Unity means that all your points are related. To check for unity in your paragraph, ask yourself the following questions:

  1. Do all the sentences relate clearly to the topic sentence?
  2. Is there any unnecessary repetition?
  3. Is each sentence in the correct order in relation to the other sentences?
  4. Does each sentence flow smoothly and naturally to the next?

First Draft
This paragraph is not unified for a number of reasons.

   

Good concentration is necessary to make studying effective and efficient. You should find a good place to study. A good place to study is important so that you will not be disturbed or distracted. First, you need to prepare the space for work by removing anything that will distract you. There are many ways to get rid of distracting things. Keeping things in an organized filing cabinet is a good way to store items and keep your desk clear at the same time. Get all your books and papers together. Give yourself a small task that you can complete in a short time. When you have finished that task, take a short rewarding break. After you have taken a short rewarding break, return to your study place and do a slightly longer task. You need to practise success and build concentration gradually. If you only take a break when your concentration is broken, you are rewarding poor concentration. Thoughts about other things that are not related to your studying are bad. You should write those thoughts in a special notebook. You can return to them after your study time. Sometimes a steady, pleasant sound will cover up a number of other noises. If you have to study in a noisy area, play some quiet music. Research has shown that these strategies will improve your ability to work, but it takes practice.

Four Steps to Revising the First Draft

Step 1  Do all the sentences relate clearly to the topic sentence?
See the Step 1 revisions.

Step 2  Is there any unnecessary repetition?
See the Step 2 revisions.

Step 3  Is each sentence in the correct order in relation to the other sentences?
See the Step 3 revisions.

Step 4  Does each sentence flow smoothly and naturally to the next?
See the Step 4 revisions.

 

Revised draft
Compare the revised draft with the first draft to see how the writer has corrected the paragraph.

   

Improving Concentration

Good concentration is necessary to make studying effective and efficient. You should find a good place to study where you will not be disturbed or distracted. First, you need to prepare the space for work by removing anything that will distract you and by getting all your books and papers together. Next, give yourself a small task that you can complete in a short time. When you have finished that task, take a short rewarding break. Then return to your study place and do a slightly longer task. If you only take a break when your concentration is broken, you are rewarding poor concentration. You need to practise success and build concentration gradually. When you have thoughts about other things as you are studying, write them in a special notebook and return to them after your study time. If you have to study in a noisy area, play some quiet music. Sometimes a steady, pleasant sound will cover up a number of other noises. Research has shown that these strategies will improve your ability to work, but it takes practice.