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University of VictoriaIntroduction to IT English
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Glossary

Unit 7 IT Lesson Terms

dynamic Web site

phrase

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
Web sites that build Web pages using a database. Also known as “database-driven Web sites”.

Example
The online store used a dynamic Web site to show its books. The title, author and price on each page was filled in using a database.

hyperlink

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
A word, phrase, or picture you click on with your mouse to load a new Web page. Hyperlinks are often highlighted to make them easy to find.

Example
Hyperlinks are placed on Web pages so you can click on the hyperlink and move to a new Web page.

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

phrase

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
The computer language used to create Web pages.

Example
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is used to create Web pages.

path

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
Directions to a specific file or folder on a Web site.

Example
The computer uses a path to find a specific file or folder.

protocol

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
A set of rules about how two computers should communicate.

Example
The Internet works according to rules called protocols.

search engine

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
A Web site that helps you find Web pages with information you are looking for.

Example
You can use a search engine to find information about IT-related topics.

source code

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
The HTML instructions and text that tell a browser what a Web page should look like.

Example
The Web page designer writes the source code that tells the browser what the Web page should look like.

tag

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
Short HTML instructions surrounded by angle brackets — for example, <B>.

Example
The Web page designer used a tag for each of the instructions on the Web page.

URL

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
An Internet address.

Example
Each Web page has its own unique URL.

Web browser

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
Software to view Web pages.

Example
You use a Web browser such as Internet Explorer to view pages on the Internet.

Web hosting

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
The service provided by companies that let you put Web pages on their Web server so the pages become part of the World Wide Web.

Example
Many small businesses subscribe to companies that provide Web hosting so that their Web pages can be seen on the Internet.

Web page

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
Documents shared over the Internet that you view with a Web browser. They usually contain text, graphics, and hyperlinks.

Example
A Web page can provide very detailed information about companies or institutions.

Web server

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
A computer that sends Web pages to you when you ask for them.

Example
The Web server provides the Web pages to your computer so that the Web browser can display them.

Web site

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
A group of Web pages, usually created by the same person and available from a single Web server.

Example
Most businesses have their own Web site where you can find out information about the company.

Web-authoring software

noun

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
Software that helps you create a Web page by inserting the HTML tags for you.

Example
It is easy to use Web-authoring software to create a Web page because it writes the HTML for you.

World Wide Web (WWW)

phrase

Unit 7 — IT Lesson

Definition
The collection of all the Web pages on the Internet.

Example
The World Wide Web (WWW) has changed the way people communicate and share information worldwide.