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Grammar and StructureGRAMMAR & STRUCTURE



A gerund is the -ing form of a verb. It is used as a noun in a sentence.


Camping is fun.


A gerund:

  • is used in the same way a noun is used. For example, it can be used as:
    - the subject of a verb.
    - the object of a verb.
    - the object of a preposition.
  • is used after certain verbs, for example: "finish", "enjoy", "suggest", "quit", "avoid", "consider", "keep", etc.
  • is used after the verb "go" to express recreational activities, for example: go hiking, go camping, go swimming.
  • is used after certain expressions, for example:
    - expressions of time: spend time shopping, waste time sleeping.
    - expressions of place: sit on the couch watching TV.
  • is used with verbs of perception, for example: "hear", "see", and "feel".
  • can express the negative when "not" is placed before it.
  • can be used in the past and passive forms.
  • can change its form when modified by a possessive.

Related Sections

Gerunds and Infinitives
Verbs Followed by Gerunds and Infinitives