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Grammar and StructureGRAMMAR & STRUCTURE
Count and Non-Count Nouns



Nouns are divided into two groups; nouns that can be counted, and nouns that cannot be counted.


I have five oranges in my hand. — count
I have cheese in my hand. — non-count


Count nouns:

  • can be counted (1 orange, 2 oranges, 3 oranges ...).
  • have singular and plural forms (1 orange, 2 oranges, 3 oranges).
  • use -s or -es in plural forms.
  • use definite articles and indefinite articles.

Non-count nouns:

  • cannot be counted (cheese, milk, sand).
  • have only one form (cheese, milk, sand) not: 1 cheese, 2 cheeses, 3 cheeses.
  • are followed by a singular verb.
  • can be counted by using "of" (a cup of coffee, a piece of chocolate, a box of sand, a bottle of milk).
  • use definite articles or no article.

Related Sections

Parts of Speech