|After you have determined the main points of your essay, you
will need to choose a way to organize your ideas. The way that your ideas are
organized can help your readers understand your material. How you arrange your
ideas will help show the relationship between the ideas.
Here are four ways to organize your main points:
Ideas that must be explained in a certain order — for example, one
point must be explained before another point — are in logical order.
Cause-and-effect essays are often written in logical order as one point must
be explained before the next point can be understood.
The points must be told in the correct sequence; otherwise, the readers
may be confused.
The steps described in this paragraph must be in logical order, otherwise,
it makes no sense.
Insert your ATM card into the machine. Then, punch in
your personal identification number. Next, push the button for “withdrawal”.
After you have entered the amount of cash you want, push the button for
the account that you want to use. Then, collect the cash and take your
card and your receipt. Finally, count the money to make sure that the amount
Ideas that are presented in order of time, from first to last, are in chronological
order, such as the ordering in a process essay. When the sequence of time
is important to the topic, chronological order is the best way to organize
In this paragraph the process of a how a hurricane develops. It follows
the chronological order of the steps that lead up to the creation of a hurricane.
Hurricanes are high-speed windstorms that start over
the ocean and can have winds as fast as 250 kilometres per hour. Hurricanes
usually happen over oceans, near the equator. They are formed when warm,
wet air is forced upward by heavier, cool air. The air pressure drops quickly
from the outer edge towards the centre. This causes the wind speed to rise.
The winds move in a circular pattern around the centre, "eye",
of the hurricane. In the "eye", the winds stop and the clouds
lift, but the ocean below remains violent. The average hurricane covers
an area of at least 240 kilometres. When the storm is over land, these
winds destroy life and property.
When you present your most important point last, or at the climax, your
essay or paragraph is in climactic order. This type of organization is often
found in persuasive, classification, comparison, or contrast writing. With
the most important point last, the next most important point leads the essay,
and the other points are arranged in the middle part of the essay.
In this paragraph, the “punch line” or climactic point comes
at the end.
Is there such a thing as being given too much of what
we want? Most people would answer no, that if we want something, and especially
if we are paying for it, we should receive as much as possible. However,
when it comes to our automobiles, there is one thing that is over-supplied
to us by manufacturers: speed. It is so overabundant that it is a danger
to us and to others; excessive speeding leads to more traffic accidents
and fatalities. Another less tangible but equally serious and harmful result
is an increased dependence on oil. One way to get away from these harmful
effects would be for the manufacturers to install in every car a governor,
a mechanism that regulates the speed of the car. This should be done so
as to create a maximum speed for all cars on the road.
Ideas that can be presented in any order without affecting the reader’s
understanding are in random order. This type of organization is very rare
and can only be used when all the main points are of equal value and are
not linked together logically or chronologically.
Visiting Victoria is a wonderful experience because you
can see both historic buildings and beautiful nature. The city is surrounded
on three sides by the Pacific Ocean, so it has many protected harbours,
secluded bays, and fascinating beaches. Many postcards from Victoria show
the busy Inner Harbour in the centre of town. From the Tourist Office at
one end of the harbour you can go down to the walkway and look at the sailboats
moored at the wharves. One stairway on the walkway leads to the Empress
Hotel, while the other leads to the Parliament Buildings. This combination
of interesting architecture and natural beauty makes a visit to Victoria
a satisfying experience.