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A fragment is a group of words written as one complete sentence, but which does not include an independent clause with a main subject and a main/complete verb.



Students experiencing difficulty

participle without auxiliary

There are four common types of fragments.

  1. A dependent clause is written as a complete sentence.

  2. A sentence is missing either a subject or a verb.

  3. A gerund is used incorrectly. Usually this means a participle verb form is used without auxiliary verbs. (A participle is a verb with an -ing or -ed ending, for example: running, hiking, bored, broken.)

  4. A list or example is written as a complete sentence.

Related sections
Complex Sentences
Independent and Dependent Clauses
Linking Words
Simple Sentences