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Examples of how adverbs are formed and used:

Example Explanation
Adjective: bad, nice, happy, soft
Adverb: badly, nicely, happily, softly
Add -ly to common adjectives to form many adverbs.

The rain fell softly.

Adverb modifying a verb.

The very tall man is my brother. Adverb modifying an adjective.
This old chair was easily fixed. Adverb modifying a past participle.
The radio is playing too loudly. Adverb modifying an adverb.
Adverbs have a variety of functions. For example:
When does Tom go to the park for lunch? Tom often goes to the park for lunch. - adverbs of time
How did the rain fall? The rain fell softly. - adverbs of manner
How certain is it that Tom will see Jane tomorrow? Tom will probably see Jane tomorrow. - adverbs of certainty
Are you completely finished reading the book? I'm nearly finished reading the book. - adverbs of completeness
Come where?
Come here.
- adverbs of place
  See Reference Lists ~ Common Adverbs
Common rules for adverb word order:
He is usually correct.
a) Adverbs go after the verb "to be".
They often go camping./ They go often.
b) Adverbs can go before OR after other verbs.
Roberta has nearly finished reading her book.
c) Adverbs go after auxiliary verbs.
He often speaks Spanish. / He speaks Spanish well.
(Not: He speaks often Spanish. / He speaks well Spanish.)
d) Adverbs do not go between the verb and its object.
Ben is not often rude. (Frequency)
Ben is definitely not rude. (Certainty)
e) Adverbs can go before OR after "not" depending on the meaning.
Emma swam very well yesterday. f) When there is a series of adverbs, the common order is: how? where? when?