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University of VictoriaIntroduction to IT English
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Adverb Clauses


An adverb clause is a dependent clause that modifies or describes a verb, adjective, or adverb in the independent clause.


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An adverb clause —

  • shows the relationship between the independent clause and the dependent clause. For example, an adverb clause can show:
    • time order
    • cause and effect
    • contrast
    • condition
  • is introduced by a subordinate conjunction (a kind of linking word).
  • can be placed before or after the independent clause.
  • is followed by a comma when the adverb clause is placed before the independent clause.
  • uses present tense, NOT future tense, when it is showing time order in the future.