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Lesson Focus — Page 1 of 5


If you are like many students, you learn a lot of English by reading. You see the English words written on paper, and you use your dictionary to learn how the words are pronounced. When you listen to people speaking English, however, you might be surprised! Many words that you hear are pronounced quite differently from the way that you might expect.

One of the biggest reasons why words sound different is that people don’t usually pronounce each word individually. On paper, when you are reading written words, there is a space between each word. However, in conversation, when you are listening to people speaking, many words have no spaces between them. Instead, the words are linked together, so that the end of one word becomes part of the beginning of the next word. This is called linking.

If you took the Intermediate Listening course, you have already done a lesson about linking. In that lesson, you studied three kinds of linking:

  1. the linking of identical consonant sounds
  2. the linking of similar consonant sounds
  3. the linking of consonant and vowel sounds

In this lesson, you are going to do more work with these three kinds of linking, because they are very common and important. You are also going to study a fourth type of linking:

  1. the linking of vowel sounds