Salal branch    Non-timber Forests Products: Managing for Multiple Values


 Management Strategy 1
 Management Strategy 2
 Management Strategy 3
 Management Strategy 4
 Decision Framework
 Case Study 1
 Case Study 2

Non-timber forest products, or NTFPs, are all of the botanical (plant) and mycological (mushroom & fungus) resources and associated services of the forest other than timber, pulpwood, shakes, or other conventional wood products.

NTFPs offer a range of potential management and financial opportunities through activities focused on production from natural communities, to the intensive propagation of native plants for a variety of purposes. Management strategies can help in achieving a variety of goals including maintaining long-term ecological and economic viability, protecting endangered ecosystems, and restoring or reclaiming ecosystems. Many variables influence the choice of management strategy including resource cost and availability, traditional uses and concerns, and the ecology and sustainability of the native species being considered.

The purpose of this learning object is to provide users with an understanding of the continuum of management practices in the NTFP sector from little or no intervention to intensive intervention, as well as an introduction to the potential implications (environmental, social and economic) of the various management approaches. The four management approaches illustrated here are:

  1. Resource Protection and Natural Harvesting (Least Intervention)
    Protection and minimal in situ management of non-timber forest resources for long-term resource sustainability.
  2. Resource Enhancement and Restoration
    Improving the productivity of NTFP resources through ecosystem manipulation, including the re-introduction of important ecological influences (i.e. fire for dry land shrubs, forbs, grasses, and mushrooms).
  3. Landscaping and Land Reclamation
    Use of native plants on large and small scales to meet reclamation objectives and urban or institutional landscaping needs.
  4. Intensive Horticultural Production
    The intensive production of high-value NTFPs such as berries, mushrooms, medicinal herbs, and floral greens.

In “A Suggested Decision-Making Framework for NTFP Managers” you will find a model for considering the viability of potential management projects.